“Armstrong’s book is a fine analysis of Kansai’s underclass and its hip-hop subculture. It is an important contribution that brings a more differentiated understanding of contemporary Japan and its developments.” • Anthropos
“This excellent and fascinating ethnography will stand the test of time and will provide useful material for those who want to understand important ideas of Japanese sub-cultures and how they intersect with local, national and global trends over time.” • Roger Goodman, Nissan Professor of Modern Japanese Studies, University of Oxford
The most clearly identifiable and popular form of Japanese hip-hop, “ghetto” or “gangsta” music has much in common with its corresponding American subgenres, including its portrayal of life on the margins, confrontational style, and aspirational “rags-to-riches” narratives. Contrary to depictions of an ethnically and economically homogeneous Japan, gangsta J-hop gives voice to the suffering, deprivation, and social exclusion experienced by many modern Japanese. 24 Bars to Kill offers a fascinating ethnographic account of this music as well as the subculture around it, showing how gangsta hip-hop arises from widespread dissatisfaction and malaise.
Andrew B. Armstrong teaches anthropology at Bridgewater State University. He holds a doctorate from Boston University.
LC: ML3918.R37 A76 2019
BISAC: MUS031000 MUSIC/Genres & Styles/Rap & Hip Hop; MUS015000 MUSIC/Ethnomusicology; HIS021000 HISTORY/Asia/Japan
BIC: JHMC Social & cultural anthropology, ethnography; AVGR Rap & Hip-Hop