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Map of Central Asia
Map of Kyrgyzstan

Introduction: Someone Ate All Our Sheep

  • On the Kyrgyz Highlands
  • In Search of a Baseline
  • Looking Back on a Soviet Economy of Intensive Livestock Farming
  • From Kolkhoz to Village
  • The Anthropologist in the Face of Social Change
  • Some Local Authority Figures
    • The Former Kolkhoz Chairman: The Bashkarma
    • The New Official Local Authority: The Ayil Okmotu
    • The “Biznesman”: Economic Power
    • The Shepherd: A Prestigious but Powerless Figure
    • The Moldo or the Affirmation of Religious Authority
  • The Rise of NGOs and the Development of Private Enterprise
  • Logics of Power: Appropriation, Plunder, and Capture of Resources

Chapter 1. Manas, Unesco, and the Kyrgyz Fabula

  • Manas: Political Uses of a Traditional Oral Epic
    • Indigenization and Nationalization of the Epic
    • Manas 1000: Political Ritual of the New Kyrgyz Identity
    • Manas Gumbez: A National Heritage Site
    • Manas Ayili and the Building of an International Image
  • UNESCO: Global Entrepreneur of the Kyrgyz National Imaginary
  • Polysemous Perceptions of the Creation of the New National Imaginary
  • Democracy, Decentralization, Tribal Identity, and Minorities
  • Affirmation of Ethnic Identity in the South of the Country
  • Enhancing “Tribal” Identity in the North
  • Manas in a Context of Globalization

Chapter 2. Kyrgyzstan and Good Governance Experts

  • The Ideology of Good Governance: Minimal Government, Private Enterprise and Civil Society
  • The UNPD: Decline of the State, Promotion of Local and Traditional Political Practices
  • From an Economic Planning Culture to a Project Culture
  • Promoting Democracy
  • The Development of Local Kyrgyz NGOs
  • Electoral Assistance: Technical Aid or Political Interference

Chapter 3. Elections and the Promotion of Democracy

  • Ethnography of an Election
  • IFES and Elections: Democracy@large
  • Ethnography of an American Political Foundation Training Session
  • Training and Strategy of Influence
    • Eligibility: The Demokrat and Kyrgyzness

Chapter 4. The Fall of the Common House

  • The Soviet Regime or the Ambition to Establish Absolute Control over Human Flows
  • Askar Akayev’s Common House Ideology and Emigration of the Russian-Speaking Population
  • Rural Exodus and Urban Sprawl
  • From Migration to Increased Kyrgyz Mobility
  • The Russian Perspective: Gastarbeiter
  • The Political Weight of Remittances in Kyrgyzstan

Chapter 5. The Bazaar: Symbol of a Society of Traders

  • The Bazaar: The Return to a Natural Economic Order?
  • The “Bazarkoms”: New Social Figures
  • Property and Political Protection: The Dordoy Bazaar and Askar Salymbekov
    • From Dordoy Bazar to Dordoy Associatsia: The Transmission of Capital
    • Patronage and Political Clientele
    • Redistribution and Social Legitimacy
    • Soccer and Kok-boru
    • Giving to the Dead and to God: Monuments and Jubilees
  • The Changing Face of the Bazaar: The Labor Market on Avenue Maladoja Guardia

Chapter 6. Civil Society and Election Monitoring

  • Koalitsia and the National Democratic Institute
  • Baisalov: Portrait of a Democracy Promotion Icon
  • Koalitsia and the ENEMO Transnational Network
  • Intellectual Influences: Non-Violent Movements
  • Koalitsia’s Hour of Glory: The Tulip Revolution
  • Participative Observation in an Election Mission
  • The Election Mission: A Multi-camp Caravan
  • The Deployment of Observers
  • Return to the Capital and Debriefing
  • The Press Conference
  • Cocktail Hour: The Communion Ritual of Democracy Promoters
  • Communion of Contentious Actors: Opposition Coalition, Koalitsia, and Kel-Kel

Chapter 7. The Transnationalization of Politics

  • Anthropology of a Fraudulent Election
  • Electoral Observation and Local Dynamics
  • A Changing Political Personnel: From Appointees to Elected Officials
  • Becoming a Deputat: An Exemplary Political Battle
  • Political Transhumance, Opposition, Marginalization, and Exile
  • Political Practices and Regional Factionalism
  • The New Role of the President and Appointed Political Personnel
  • From Communism to Keminism
  • From Keminism to Teyitism
  • The Political Change in 2005: Revolution, Overthrow, or Coup?

Conclusion: The Kyrgyz Laboratory and the Global Politics
Afterword: From the Kyrgyz Fabula to the Ethnic Apocalypse?

Appendix I: Kyrgyz Republic Timeline
Appendix II: Census of Kyrgyzstan Population


Where Are All Our Sheep?

Kyrgyzstan, A Global Political Arena

Boris Petric
Translated from the French by Cynthia Schoch

186 pages, 2 illus., bibliog., index

ISBN  978-1-78238-783-1 Hb Published (September 2015)

eISBN 978-1-78238-784-8 eBook